Last edited by Arak
Thursday, November 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia found in the catalog.

Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • 397 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by United Nations in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Drug abuse -- Europe, Central -- Statistics,
  • Drug abuse -- Europe, Eastern -- Statistics,
  • Drug abuse -- Asia, Central -- Statistics

  • Edition Notes

    StatementUnited Nations Office on Drug [sic] and Crime, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
    GenreStatistics
    ContributionsJoint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 26 p. :
    Number of Pages26
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17150665M
    ISBN 109211481937

      In some regions — notably eastern Europe and central Asia, as well as western Africa — there is slow progress and even a rise, especially among injecting drug users. Adolescent girls remain. In eastern Europe and central Asia, where the HIV epidemic is highly concentrated in people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men, 75% of people who need treatment do not get it, Olga Stefanyshyna of the Ukrainian Community Advisory Board told a community consultation on treatment as prevention that preceded the meeting. Central Asia is an extremely large region of varied geography, including high passes and mountains (), vast deserts (Kyzyl Kum, Taklamakan), and especially treeless, grassy vast steppe areas of Central Asia are considered together with the steppes of Eastern Europe as a homogeneous geographical zone known as the Eurasian Steppe.. Much of the land of Central Asia is too dry or too Countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, . They find eager customers in Russia, which is home to some million injection drug users, according to United Nations estimates. As many as 30, people a year overdose on the drug and die.


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Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Download PDF EPUB FB2

Eastern Europe and Central Asia and transitional countries in Western Europe. In Eastern Europe and Central Asia estimates of IDUs were identified for sites (23 national territories) of which subnational areas have populations of IDU (midpoint of available estimates).Cited by: Get this from a library.

Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. [United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.; Joint United Nations Programme on. Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central Audit of the number of injecting drug users in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia book Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

United Nations, New York Godinho J, Renton A, Vinogradov V, et al. Reversing the tide: priorities for HIV/AIDS prevention in Central by:   In an UNAIDS report, among 17 countries which reported HIV testing coverage, the coverage among injecting drug users was less than 25 %, Cited by: HIV among people who inject drugs in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia: a systematic review with implications for policy (English).

Young people & injecting drug use in selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe Technical Report (PDF Available) January with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the shared use of drug injecting equipment has been the major driver of infections. Between andone in three of new HIV cases reported in Eastern Europe were associated with injecting drug use (Platt et al., ).Cited by: "There have been substantial increases in both trafficking and use of illicit drugs in central Asia, driven by its geographic position along drug-trafficking routes from Afghanistan, domestic opium production in the south of the sub-region, and prevailing socioeconomic conditions.

6,14,21,41,42 Although injection of heroin or home-made opiates. estimate prevalence and trends in drug injecting in Europe. national estimates of the number of injecting drug users were available for 14 countries. Data from drug treatment centres were also used for this assessment, as they are collected according to a standardised methodology and include reports from most countries.

Introduction: Illicit drugs in Central Asia. countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) that gained independence from the Soviet Union in constitute the only region where both.

There are an estimated million people who inject drugs (PWID) in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, of whom one million are estimated to be HIV infected. In Russia alone, there are an estimated million PWID, of whom around are thought be HIV by: According to conservative estimates made by the United Nations Injecting Drug User Reference Group, the number of countries where drug injecting is reported to occur has increased from to in the last decade and similarly, the number of countries where HIV was reported among injecting drug users increased from to countries.

countries with lower estimates in the number of people who inject drugs and who are living with HIV Brazil • Population aged million people • a small estimated decline in the number of injecting drug users (from % in to % in ) • estimated prevalence of HIV among injecting drug users.

Drug trafficking is a principal concern for Central Asia, given its link to opiate use, injecting drug use, HIV/AIDS, and drug-related crime. There are several major trafficking routes through the region making use of the improved road and rail links. However, traffickers also move off the.

The first edition was published in and summarized the evidence of drug use prevention at the global level. The value of the first edition was widely recognized and acknowledged by Member States and other national and international stakeholders.

Since then, the Member States of the United Nations have made a series of wide-ranging. At the end ofit was estimated that aroundpeople were living with HIV in Western and Central Europe.

This represents % increase over the estimatedin The highest rates were reported from Estonia, Portugal and Russia ; the lowest rates were reported by Slovakia, the Czech Republic (%) and Romania.

Characteristics of Drug Users in Asia • Remain as a member of the family • Remain as a member of the community • High failure rate for rehabilitation centers (90+%) • Increasing number of drug replacement and needle exchange programs • Recent increase in other drugs for injecting • Increasing non-injection (club) drug use.

Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia critical levels in a number of countries and also the significant potential for the rapid spread of HIV in south-eastern Europe and central Asia; Scale up access for injecting drug users to prevention, drug dependence treatment and harm reduction services.

The NDARC Annual Research Symposium was held on Wednesday, 16 October at the John Niland Scientia Conference and Events Centre, UNSW Sydney. A number of presentation videos and slides from the event are available below.

Plenary One: Family and Communities. NDARC Symposium Plenary One: Family and Communities - YouTube. The estimated number of adults and children living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia rose to million ina 66% increase from million in Three countries in the region (Estonia, Russian Federation and Ukraine) have adult () HIV prevalence that exceeds 1% [ Cited by:   There is an estimate of three to five million people who inject drugs living in Asia.

Unsafe injecting drug use is a major driver of both the HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) epidemic in this region, and an increase in incidence among people who inject drugs continues. Although harm reduction is becoming increasingly accepted, a largely punitive policy remains firmly in place, undermining access Cited by: 9.

Ukraine has the second-largest HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, accounting for 9% of new infections in the region in In, people were living with HIV. AIDS-related deaths have fallen f in to 6, in Annual new HIV infections in Ukraine have risen from 9, in to 12, in Although the infection rate began slowing again in.

There are roughly million people who inject drugs in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The region is home to roughly one in four people who inject drugs worldwide Russia has the highest number of injecting drug users in the region ( million), about % of the adult population.

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is hyper-endemic in injecting drug users. There is also excess HCV among non-injection drug users who smoke, snort, or sniff heroin, cocaine, crack, or methamphetamine. To summarize the research literature on HCV in drug users and identify gaps in knowledge, we conducted a synthesis of the relevant research carried out between and Cited by: These five countries report that almost people practise injecting drug use.

While the number of new HIV infections is decreasing globally, the number of newly diagnosed infections in central Asia is 14 times that in ; people who inject drugs account for over half of these cases. In the Eastern Europe/Central Asia region as a whole over 60% of HIV infections are due to injecting drug use.

Global normative guidance on HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for people who inject drugs emphasises the use of a compre-hensive set of evidence-based interventions aimed at reducing the harms associated with drug use.

For example, the epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia once characterized by injecting drug use is now spreading to the sexual partners of people who inject drugs.

Similarly, in parts of Asia, an epidemic once characterized by transmission through sex work and injecting drug use is now increasingly affecting heterosexual couples/5.

Drug dependence is a complex, chronic, relapsing condition that is often accompanied by severe health, psychological, economic, legal, and social consequences (IOM,).It is manifested by a complex set of behaviors including compulsive drug craving, seeking, and use that interferes with an individual’s physical, mental, and social functioning (IOM, ; McLellan et al., ).

At the end ofsome million people were living with HIV (UNAIDS, ).An estimated million people were newly infected with HIV in (UNAIDS, ). While sub-Saharan Africa remains hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, major epidemics are also emerging in other parts of the world, mainly as a result of injecting drug use.

Some 31 million persons have drug use disorders. Almost 11 million people inject drugs, of which million are living with HIV, million with hepatitis C, and 1 million with both HIV and hepatitis C. More information: Other psychoactive substances. Substance abuse. drug policies, making use of applicable European models, as for instance formulated in the EU-Central Asia Drug Action Plan and the EU-Central Asia Drug Action Plan Our intention is to go beyond developing formal policies but also to look into the practical conditions for policy implementation.

Size: 1MB. Men who have sex with Men (MSM) are currently at marked risk for HIV infection in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Most new HIV infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in eastern Europe and central Asia occur in Russia, where PWID have a high risk of overdose.

In Russia, use of opioid agonist therapy (OAT) is prohibited, and coverage of needle and syringe Cited by: 7. Drug War Facts provides reliable information with applicable citations on important public health and criminal justice issues.

It is updated continuously by its current Editor, Doug McVay. Most charts, facts and figures are from government sources, government-sponsored sources, peer reviewed journals and occasionally newspapers. In all cases the source is cited so that.

Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) is the only region in the world where annual HIV infection rates continue to grow. According to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), in approximately million people in the region were living with HIV.

The main factors that have contributed to the spread of the epidemic over the past two decades include injecting drug use Author: Ulla Pape. The actual number of people living with HIV in Russia is estimated to be aboutIn83% of HIV infections in Russia were registered among injecting drug users, 6% among sex workers, and 5% among prisoners.

However, there is clear evidence of a significant rise in heterosexual transmission [citation needed]. Eastern Europe & Central Asia a b s t r a c t Background: Krokodil, a homemade injectable opioid, gained its moniker from the excessive harms asso-ciated with its use, such as ulcerations, amputations and discolored scale-like skin.

While a relatively new phenomenon, krokodil use is prevalent in Russia and the Ukraine, with at leastand. NEW YORK, USA, 14 July – According to an upcoming UNICEF report about young people affected by HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, only 24 per cent of those in the region who need anti-retroviral treatment receive it, and the stigma associated with HIV infection is rampant – especially when it comes to injecting drug users.

Russia, a country of million people, has one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world. Although HIV mortality and transmission have decreased globally, the incidence of HIV has increased in Russia, where more than 11 million people are infected with HIV and the number of new infections exceeds cases per year.1 UNAIDS estimates that 80% of new infections in eastern Europe Cited by: 2.

There are an estimated million injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide, 80% of whom live in developing and transitional countries [].The concurrent epidemics of HIV and injecting drug use have rapidly increased HIV prevalence [], with 10% of HIV/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) cases worldwide attributed to IDUs [3, 4].HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

In some countries, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users and sex workers are at high risk for HIV infection. By J nea people had signed the Vienna Declaration.In recent years, injection drug use has been documented along drug trafficking routes in places as geographically remote from one another as Eastern Europe, South-East Asia, India, West Africa, and South America (Stimson and Choopanya, ; Dehne et al., ; Beyrer et al., ).

Injection drug use has also been reported in at least seven. Most troubling is the UNAIDS report, which indicated that, as of the end ofEastern Europe and Central Asia had the world’s fastest growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. In this region, Russia has by.